Cappadocia’s cave dwellings are unique and eery at the same time. Located in central Turkey, they were formed after years of volcanic activity from the Erciyesdagi volcano and subsequent weathering (the volcano is now extinct). The landscape surrounding Cappadocia has been moulded into a formation of obscure towers and pointed mushrooms of volcanic rock. In fact, since 2000 B.C. locals have carved residential dwellings into the rock and formed a complex underground city of caves called Derinkuyu.
The city of Derinkuyu spans 11 levels with 10% of the entire complex open to the public. Tours of Cappadocia and the Derinkuyu cave network are widely available but those visitors of a claustrophobic nature should be warned that these caves weren’t built for giants.
Cappadocia is an area in Central Anatolia in Turkey best known for its unique moon-like landscape, underground cities, cave churches and houses carved in the rocks.
The Cappadocian Region located in the center of the Anatolian Peninsula, with its valley, canyon, hills and unusual rock formation created as a result of the eroding rains and winds of thousands of years of the level, lava-covered plain located between the volcanic mountains Erciyes, Melendiz and Hasan as well as its troglodyte dwellings carved out of the rock and cities dug out into underground, presents an otherworldly appearance. The eruptions of these mountains which were active volcanoes in geological times lasted until 2 million years ago. A soft tuff layer was formed, 150 m in thickness, by the issuing lavas in the valley surrounded by mountains. The rivers, flood water running down the hillsides of valleys and strong winds eroded the geological formations consisting of tuff on the plateau formed with tuff layers, thus creating bizarre shapes called fairy Chimneys. These take on the names of mushroom shaped, pinnacled, capped and conic shaped formations. The prehistoric settlements of the area are Koskhoyuk (Kosk Mound) in Nigde, Aksaray Asikli Mound, Nevsehir Civelek cave and, in the southeast, Kultepe, Kanis and Alisar in the environs of Kayseri. This area with unusual topographic characteristics was regarded as sacred and called, in the Scythian/khatti language, as "Khepatukha" meaning "the Country of the People of the Chief God Hepat" The tablets called Cappadocian Tablets and the Hittite works of art in Alisar are of the important remains dating from 2000s B.C. After 1200s B.C., the Tabal principality, of the Khatti Branches of Scythians, became strong and founded the Kingdom of Tabal. Following the Late Hittite and Persian aras, the Cappadocian Kingdom was established in 332 B.C. During the Roman era the area served as a shelter for the early escaping Christians. There are also several underground cities used by early Christians as hideouts in Cappadocia.
Avanos— pottery town
Göreme— fairy chimneys in the rock city
Nevsehir— capital of the region
Ortahisar— with its rock castle
Uçhisar— with its rock castle
Most of the bus companies have bus services to Nevsehir and Göreme. By bus; Istanbul-12 hours, Ankara-5 hours, Bursa-11 hours, Izmir-12 hours, Konya -4 hours
Kayseri, one of the comparatively big cities in Turkey, is an hour drive from Göreme. There are daily flights to Kayseri Airport from Izmir and Istanbul.
Kayseri is on a busy railway route. It is possible to find suitable trains to Kayseri from almost all the train stations of Turkey. From Kayseri, you can take bus to go to Göreme.
Underground cities, Up to 8 stories of underground tunnels and caves in Kaymaklı, Derinkuyu, Özkonak or Mazıköy
Old greek houses in Sinasos
Göreme Open Air Museum
Hiking - Following the paths along the valleys is an amazing (and free) option. Check with your hotel owner or the tourist office for a map of the area with suggested walks and trails. There are several nice loops on packed dirt, sand and rock, that maintain a constant elevation and pass through the scenic valleys.
Rose Valley, From Çavuşin and Kızılçukur, Beautiful green valley
Hot Air Balloon Tours : are one of the most popular activities in Goreme. Typically lifting off at sunrise, these rides last around 45 minutes and literally go wherever the wind may blow in the Cappadocia Valley. The balloon carriages hold around ten people with the pilot riding air currents much like a boat, floating down the valleys, often below the ridge line and quite close to the chimney rocks. It's a fantastic ride and if you've ever had the urge to splurge on a balloon ride, this would be the place to do it.
Cross Golf , Cappadocia is a national park and its natural environment must be protected for everyone to enjoy today and in the future.Cross Golf uses the natural features of the landscape to challenge even the most experienced golfer. The fairy chimneys, fascinating rock formations and flora and fauna in the unique environment of Cappadocia remain unaffected by Cross Golf.
Dry apricots and grapes
Mantı (kind of ravioli with minced meat served with yoghurt and garlic sauce)
Testi Kebap (jug kebap)
Pastirmali kuru fasulye (white beans with spiced meat)
Local wines - Cappadocia is one of the biggest wine-producing regions in Turkey, and many wineries thoroughout the region's towns offer winetasting options.
Rose Mansions, in Mustafapasa, once called Sinasos, consists of two old Greek houses built in the mid 1900s
Yunak Evleri, consists of six cave houses with a total of 27 private cave rooms dating back to the 5th and 6th centuries.
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