Palmyra is in Syria.
Palmyra (the Roman name) is known as Tadmor to the Syrians. Both mean the same thing - date palm. The name comes from the lush oasis adjacent to the city which is home to some million date palms. It is the only oasis in Syria and perhaps the only truly tourist town.
Palmyra sits on the standard tourist trek around Syria and should be considered in this light. Intense competition for business amongst local outfits can make the experience some what overwhelming to the traveller who has come from the North, and has enjoyed a relatively 'quiet' trip thus far. The major tourist attraction of the area is the stunning ruins - the most famous and well-preserved of which are the Temple of Bel, the colonnade, the funerary towers, the hypogeum of 3 brothers, and the Arab castle. All are within a few kilometers of each other.
In this backpackers experience, It is worth mentioning that despite the recommendations of Lonely Planet, and the general consensus that Palmyra is a minimum 2 day trip- That a day trip from Damascus could easily be enough for most travellers.The ruins themselves can be covered in less than 2 hours (unless you are an archeologist or particularly educated in this field of study), and if you have just come from Aleppo and the dead cities, expect more of the same in a desert setting. This backpacker(and others staying in his dormitory) found Palmyra a truly depressing place and a textbook case of unsustainable tourism.
As a comparison, Siem Reap in Cambodia springs to mind. Use that as a method of gauging whether or not this place is for you.If you hated Siem Reaps artificial tourist oriented comfort, then stay away from Palmyra. A las vegas in the middle of Syria, Whatever Palmyra used to be has been sucked up by the vacuum of greed, all that remains is a vacuous shell of culture and authenticity. The main Street is clogged with touts, tourist cafes, fake souvenirs and postcard shops-vendors roam the streets hassling you,taxi drivers are aggressive and unfair and countless package tour groups of annoying rich old europeans wander through the streets encouraging and perpetuating this mess of a tourist attraction.
Honestly, a good itinerary (especially if your pressing on to Deir-a-zur or Aleppo via Homs) is to leave Damascus early in the morning, have lunch in Palmyra, spend the afternoon in the ruins, spend the sunset at the citadel, then get the hell out without handing over your money to outrageously inflated prices not seen anywhere else in the country. Sorry to be so harsh Palmyra, but this needs to be said.
Easily accessible from Damascus by bus. Fare on a luxury bus is about S£125 per person. Buses also run from Homs (150km) and Deir-az-Zur.
For bike tourists, Palmyra is about a three-day trip from either Damascus or Deir-az-Zur. You should bring plenty of food as shops are few and far between but water is available at semi-regular intervals from police stations, military installations and at private houses if you ask.
Best method is to walk. The town is not large, and the historic site was built in a time when walking was the main form of transportation, so it is not too spread out. Bear in mind that the sun can be truly lethal; plan to visit at dusk and early morning to see magnificent sunrise / sets.
Camel rides are offered.
Tour buses abound, or locals will offer rides if you are willing to haggle.
Temple of Bel
Hypogeum of Three Brothers
Watch out though for the "Cassanova" camel drivers--for S£200 they'll take you ladies out for a tittilating ride.
New Palmyra Restaurant / Pancake House on the main street for most tourists, al-Quwatli. This is a traditional Palmyra restaurant - catering for the tourist hordes. The owner is well connected with an army of scouts corralling tourists into the restaurant. For the adventurous traveller, fake ISIC student cards can be purchased for 7.50 euros, although they are of poor quality and little use in the Middle East.
On the same street are several stands selling roast chicken (half chicken for take away is 100 SP, hummous 25 SP, salad 25 SP), although you'll be lucky to get those prices.
If you venture on any of the main roads running north you will find felafel stands and other small restaurants selling the typical range of Syrian fast food bakeries selling sweet treats and plenty of convenience stores with drinks and snacks.
The only bars in Palmyra are inside the hotels, such as the Cave Bar in the basement of the Ishtar Hotel. The bar carries good selection of local beers and wines, and you can have your drink in the terrace of the hotel if you wish.
Al Faris Hotel, +963 955 865 545. By the entrance to the village, on the left. Very nice and clean place with big rooms and a nice owner. Single room is 300 SYP and double room is 600 SYP (August 2009). The owner (who speaks English) can give you a lift anywhere around with his car for cheap. He will welcome you with a watermelon and a tea.
The Sun Hotel. Just around the corner on the main street near the ruins end, this quiet backpacker joint has a great dorm on the roof and friendly, relaxed owners. Home cooking for all meals of the day too(not included), very tasty. Double and Triple rooms available with average bathrooms for 1000 SP. April 2010.
New Afqa Hotel. A good budget bet. Just around the corner from the tourist office. Staff are friendly and speak English well. Rooms are clean with en suite bathrooms, heating / air conditioning and satellite TV. A double room with breakfast included was 600 SP for two people in November 2007.
Baal Shamen Hotel is another backpacker favourite. Accommodation is more basic than at the New Afqa Hotel but the rooms are still clean and staff are friendly.
There are no ATM's in Palmyra or even a full-service bank. Hotel Bell (on the main street) will do advances on both VISA and Mastercard for a 20% commission. There is a local exchange office by the museum which will change foreign currency but will not change traveller's cheques. Make sure you have sufficient cash, Syrian Pounds, US Dollars, or Euros, for your time in Palmyra.
Note that, as per usual, the Syrian Commercial Bank offers terrible rates and adds commission. You'll get a better deal by checking the rates online then changing with the shop owners in the Souq.
On the main tourist drag, the Hani Internet Cafe inside the Traditional Palmyra Restaurant is conveniently located but charges a pricey 50 SP for a half hour. This may be negotiable in low season. Locals can direct you to an internet cafe slightly north of the centre which only charges 20 SP an hour but has irregular hours.
Buses depart frequently for Damascus, Homs, and Deir-az-Zur. For other destinations, you may need a private car.
If hiring a private car, you might want to consider side trips to Qasr al-Heir ash-Sharki - a partially excavated Ummayad palace quite literally in the middle of nowhere - and Rasafa, originally a Roman city with heavy Byzantine influence, also used by the Ummayads before being destroyed in the Abbasid era. Rasafa is also of interest for the stone it's built out of, more a quartz-like crystal instead of the usual granite or sandstone. Makes for a unique appearance. This route takes you quite close to the Euphrates, and you can be dropped off in Raqqa, Aleppo, or Hama. Car hire can be price, and the driver still has to get back to Palmyra. Private tours are the real money maker in the Syrian tourism industry, so expect to pay as much as S£5000 (US$100), if you're heading for Aleppo or Hama. A bit less to Raqqa.
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Max Harwood, jan, Claus Hansen, Tariq Khalaf, David, Friedel Grant, John Fremlin, Milkman and Kevin P, Globe-trotter, Tatatabot, Morph, Neil C, Jake73, WindHorse and Nzpcmad
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