On Monday, August 6, 1945, at 8:15 AM, when the nuclear bomb was dropped on Hiroshima by an American bomber it killed approximately 80,000 people. The number of casualties reached almost 140,000 by the end of the year, due to injury and radiation. Almost 69% of the city's buildings were completely destroyed, and about 7% damaged. Research about the effects of the attack was restricted during theoccupation of Japan, and information censored until the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty in 1951, restoring control to the Japanese.

After the war, the city was rebuilt, with the help from the national government through the Hiroshima Peace Memorial City Construction Law passed in 1949. Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall, the closest surviving building to the location of the bomb's detonation, was designated the Genbaku Dome (原爆ドーム) or "Atomic Dome", a part of the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park.The Park was opened in 1955.

In 1949, at the initiative of its mayor, Shinzo Hamai (1905–1968), Hiroshima was proclaimed a City of Peace. This brought more international attention as a desirable location for international conferences on peace and social issues.

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This travel guide also includes text from Wikitravel articles, all available at WikitravelView full credits

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