Heidelberg is a city in the state of Baden-Württemberg in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Heidelberg is located in the Neckar river valley right where the dark Odenwald (Forest of Odes) opens up towards the plains of the Rhine Valley. Heidelberg is home to the oldest university in Germany (est. 1386). With 28,000 students, the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität (or Ruperto Carola, as the university is called in Latin) is one of Germany's larger academic institutions and boasts the full spectrum of an ancient academy, from Egyptian Studies to Computer Linguistics. The faculties for Medicine, Law and Natural Sciences are considered to be among the best in Germany. The university fostered the settlement of several other world class research institutions such as the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), the European Molecular Biological Laboratory (EMBL), Center for Molecular Biology (ZMBH), Max-Planck-Institutes for Medicine, Astronomy, Nuclear Physics and others. In a nutshell, Heidelberg is an academic city with a rich history and shows many similarities to cities like Cambridge or Oxford (Heidelberg and Cambridge, UK are twinned).
During WWII, the city was almost completely spared by allied bombings which destroyed most of Germany's larger inner cities. As a result, Heidelberg has retained its baroque charm of narrow streets, picturesque houses and of course the world-famous Schloss (castle). After the war, the United States Armed Forces built large barracks on the southern end of the city. Therefore, Heidelberg's 130,000 inhabitants include not only the 28,000 students of the university, but also nearly 30,000 American citizens, almost all soldiers and their families. Together with the hundreds of thousands of annual visitors, Heidelberg is truly an internationally and culturally diverse destination, despite its small size.
Over the years, Heidelberg has attracted numerous artists, intellectuals and academics from all over Europe and has sometimes been called a secret intellectual capital of Germany. People who have lived and worked in the city include the poets Joseph von Eichendorff, Jean Paul and Goethe, scientists such as Bunsen and Kirchhoff, philosophers such as the founder of the "Illuminati" order von-Knigge, atheist Ludwig Feuerbach, existentialist Karl Jaspers, political theorist Hannah Arendt and many more. Mark Twain wrote in A Tramp Abroad:
...Out of a billowy upheaval of vivid green foliage ...rises the huge ruin of Heidelberg Castle, with empty window arches, ivy-mailed battlements, moldering towers—the Lear of inanimate nature—deserted, discrowned, beaten by the storms, but royal still, and beautiful.
The nearest major airport to Heidelberg is in Frankfurt—Lufthansa provides a between the airport and Heidelberg on an hourly basis, for about €35 for the round trip, which takes about one hour. Other nearby airports serviced by low-cost carriers include Frankfurt Hahn, Mannheim (mainly a domestic airport), Baden-Baden, and Stuttgart.
The main train station is located in the western part of the city. There are direct train connections to Stuttgart, Karlsruhe, Mannheim and Frankfurt.
The A5 connects Heidelberg directly to Frankfurt and Karlsruhe. It's easy to reach from any direction.
The city runs a small rather effective system of trams and busses. The two most important nodal points are the main station and Bismarckplatz. Bus #32 and #33 connect the main train station (Hauptbahnhof) with the old city area; detailed maps, schedules and routes can be found online. A mountain railway runs between four stations (including the castle), linking the old city on the level of the river with the summit of the Königstuhl Mountain, about 400 m (1312 feet) above the city. The "Heidelberg Card", a tourist pass which includes public transportation, many museums and the mountain railway, can be bought at the tourist information.
The Altstadt (historical city center) and Hauptstrasse (main street)
The Castle: an audio guide tour of the castle and its grounds is available for a fee near the entrance. It is available in several languages, including English. There is also a statue to the German poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe in the castle gardens.
The Philosophenweg which can be found on the northern side of the city. It provides a wonderful view across the oldest part of the city. Here you can find the site of the famous Merian Stich (engraving) which is a popular illustration of Heidelberg.
The Heiligenberg mountain which boasts a wonderful view over the old town
The Thingstätte on top of Heiligenberg (an open-air theatre built by the Nazi regime in 1934 to host propaganda events)
Also on the Heiligenberg the remnants of a wall ancient Celts built to keep Germanic tribes out, the Heidenloch, a deep well with unknown origins, and the ruins of a 10th century cloister.
The Kurpfälzisches Museum on the Hauptstrasse contains interesting exhibits of items from Heidelberg's pre-history to modern times.
The old university on Universitätsplatz in the old city and the adjacent old armory which is now a student cafeteria (but also open to the public).
Jesuitenkirche has 1712 Baroque construction with modern touches inside.
The Heiliggeistkirche church is only one of many large and small churches, but definitely the one with the most interesting history. During the dark ages, it was the shelter of the Bibliotheka Palatina, Germany's oldest library. The Bibliotheka was stolen and brought to Rome but eventually returned in pieces. Today, parts of it can be visited in the University Library (also the oldest and probably the most valuable of its kind in Germany), which is situated close to the old university. You can get a great view of the Heiliggeistkirche, Old Town, and the Neckar river bridge from the castle (Schloss Heidelberg).
The city boasts more than twelve cinemas, over eight theaters, including
Stadttheater the large state-run theater, and
Zimmertheater on Hauptstrasse, Germany's oldest private theater
There are also many progressive culture centers, including the famous Karlstorbahnhof in the east-end of the old city.
Snacks: Along the Hauptstrasse, which runs through the center of town, you will find several bakeries that serve local specialities including “Brezeln” (pretzels). Department stores have a nice selection of delicatessen stalls called “Markthallen” where you can eat everything on the spot.
Many of the cafes in Heidelberg set up outside tables when the weather is fair, and these are enjoyed by locals and tourists alike. A popular destination for summer cafe beer sipping and lounging is the , which is adjacent to the .
Meals: The Haupstrasse is plentiful with an amazing variety of restaurants. Dishes tend to be served in large portions, relatively inexpensive and of good quality. You can find something for almost every taste including Japanese, Indian, Italian, Chinese, German and Bavarian. American fast food and "Döner" restaurants cater to the budget conscious and late-night crowds.
Supan's Thai Bistro, on the Hauptstraße right at the Universitätsplatz next to the "Vinyl Only" record shop. An excellent, reasonably priced, Thai restaurant, with great service.
Korean/Sushi restaurant, Heiliggeiststraße 3, close to the Marktplatz, next to the Hotel zum Rathaus, a seemingly little-known, but great sushi place (also serves Korean food).
Zum Goldenen Anker, Rungenweg, 6221 / 4862
Elia, Promenadeplatz, 6221 / 7820
Turmstube, Schützenstr. , 6221 / 20114
Kashmir, Strasse, 6221 / 20719
Rizo, Lorchheimer-Str, 6221 / 8801
Eatery, Breisacherstr. , 6221 / 10079
Nabucco, Eichenweg, 6221 / 18191
Perazza, Buschkoppel, 6221 / 7234
Roter Ochs, Kumlbacher Str., 6221 / 6528
Die Eselin, Aberlestraße , 6221 / 13489
Bierhelder Hof, Schönfeldstrasse , 6221 / 811
Kao Kao, Haupstr, 6221 / 14012
More than 300 bars, pubs, clubs, discotheques and the like, from Bavarian style tourist restaurants with deer antlers on the walls to extremely left-wing student bars which reserve the right to refuse police officers entry to the bar. You name it. Find your place and enjoy yourself. Heidelberg knows no curfew. Most bars close at 1am, but especially the students bars are often open until the early morning. Although the locals -- even the police officers -- are used to drunk tourists as well as to drunk students, please be calm on your way home and do not riot. As a remnant of the student revolts, Heidelberg has the largest ratio of policemen per capita and you may find yourself in the arms of an officer much faster than you think.
If you are a young person and happen to discover one of the student parties (which are quite numerous but advertised mostly by word-of-mouth), you scored the jackpot. Get inside, get a (dirt cheap) beer and have fun. But try and avoid being recognised as a tourist. No party ends before 3am and many run until 6 or 7am. Either Untere Straße or the Zieglers (Heidelbergs oldest students' bar) are frequently crowded with students.
Wines are produced around Heidelberg (e.g. Schriesheim, Königstuhl), but it might be difficult to get hold of them. Always a safe bet is a Riesling from Pfalz or some white wine from Baden instead, or try any of the numerous wines from other German wine regions.
Next to the Old Bridge, there are two small breweries: The Kulturbrauerei in the Leyergasse and Vetter's Brauhaus in the Steingasse. Vetter's is famous for having one of the strongest beers in world (Vetter 33).
If you want to mix with the locals, try the Untere Strasse, which runs between the Hauptstrasse and the river, parallel to both. It is packed with the student bars, including the crowded:
Großer Mohr. Small but highly recommended. Tuesday night the odds are high to find the Mohr besieged by medical students.
Sonderbar. The latter boasts a huge collection of absinthe, whiskeys and whiskys, as well as a very distinctive atmosphere.
Dubliner A good Irish pub at the center of Heidelberg Mainstreet (Downtown)
Ham Ham's A great place to chill, drink, and smoke.
Nektar A very relaxed and chill place to enjoy a drink and party
B.J.Z. Bar Great place to party in Emmertsgrund, its a B.Y.O.A. (Bring your own alcohol) and you can crash anywhere in the house
If you are looking for coffee rather than alcohol, Star Coffee has two branches, one off Bismarckplatz and the other on the Hauptstrasse, serving a variety of coffees and offering free WiFi access. Fewer computers but more style are found in the two Moro Cafes , directly at the Alte Brücke and one on the Hauptstraße.
Recently, most pubs close much earlier in the night, even on the weekends at around 2am. Just move to one of the numerous clubs, which usually have no entrance fee this late at night.
Steffi's Hostel Heidelberg , +49 (0)6221/7782772, +49 (0)6221/7782772, Alte Eppelheimer Str. 50, Just walk straight out of the station and cross the big street and the tram rails in front of you. On the other side there's a modern building, where you enter a shopping arcade (Kurfürstenpassage – Jack Wolfskin / Backpacker Store). Again you walk straight ahead through the passage and leave it on the opposite side. From the exit you can already see a big brick stone building in front of you. Here on the third floor above the Lidl supermarket, Steffis Hostel Heidelberg is situated.
Youth Hostel Heidelberg , 06221/65119-0, Tiergartenstrasse 5, **(Jugendherberge Heildelberg)** Large well maintained hostel, located on the eastern bank of the Neckar River, 25 min walk away from the central rail station. Public transportation: take bus 32 from central rail station towards north (Sportzentrum Nord), get off at Jugendherberge stop. Dorms from 28,30 EUR including breakfast and linen, various concession apply. Towels can be rented from the reception for additional 2 EUR.
Hotel ISG , **Hotel ISG** is located in the suburb of Boxberg is about a 15 minute taxi ride from central Heidelberg. Fitted out in the Bauhaus style the rooms are comfortable enough (and the bathrooms are excellent) but there is nothing to do in Boxberg.
Hotel Restaurant Scheid, *Hotel Restaurant Scheid* is a nice, quiet, reasonably priced hotel in the suburb of *Schriesheim*, a short tram ride north of Heidelberg. *Schriesheim* is built on a hill so if you are hitting the clubs, don't forget about the late 30 min. night walk up the hill from the tram stop (Schriesheim Bahnhof) to Hotel Scheid. Phone +49 (0)6203 6050.
The Ritter, , Hauptstrasse 178, The Ritter is the oldest building (1592) in Heidelberg that has outlasted all fires and wars that have haunted the city over the times. It can get a little noisy considering its location directly at the heart of the Altstadt. Japanese tourists seem to love taking photos of this picturesque renaissance establishment and have been seen in droves doing just that.
Hotel Neu Heidelberg , **Hotel Neu Heidelberg** is located in the west of Heidelberg's center. Recommendable 3 star hotel with lovely restaurant, nice breakfast buffet, terrace, garden, wlan, bicycles for guests, free parking, various int. tv channels, etc. Easily reachable by car and public transportation.
Best Western Leonardo Hotel , Located 0.75km West of Bismarckplatz. Recently rebranded and still allegedly a four star hotel, but you'll struggle to work out why while you wait five minutes for the lift, or struggle to find anywhere to sit at the (poor) breakfast. The decor in the rooms has improved a little though.
NH Hotel Heidelberg , Located about 1km west of the edge of the Altstadt, situated in an old brewery. However its been totally renovated and fitted out in a modernist decor, all glass, wood floors and exposed metal. Some of the rooms are very pleasant, though the ones overlooking the main road can be noisy. Food in the bar is disappointing.
Holiday Inn Heidelberg , 0800181 6068, Pliekartsfoerster Strasse 101, Standard hotel that's about 5 kilometers outside of the center of Heidelberg. Amenities include a sauna and gym. Internet access comes at a hefty minimum price of €10 for 60 minutes or €17 for 24 hours if travelers are only looking to browse. For business users, it's even more expensive.
Der Europäischer Hof , Located just on the edge of the Altstadt **Der Europäischer Hof** a classic privately owned five star hotel. Pleasant atmosphere and attentive staff. Most of the rooms look out over the courtyard and are therefore admirably quiet.
Hirschgasse Heidelberg , +49 6221 4540, Hirschgasse 3 - 69120 Heidelberg, The **Hirschgasse** is the oldest Hotel of Heidelberg and the oldest student dwelling house of Germany. It was first mentioned in a love story in 1472 and is nestled in a little side valley of a select residential area opposite the Heidelberg castle. An impressive walk along the River Neckar will take you to the Altstadt on the other side of the river. Mark Twain wrote about this in his book
Don't miss out the exquisitely stocked but quite expensive record shop Vinyl Only on the university square.
For books in English, try The English Bookstore at Plöck 93 (tel: 06221-183001).
Go by the Cathedral during the day for small markets selling souvenirs
Heidelberg is an extremely safe city (even by German standards). However, women walking alone at night should take the usual precautions they would do anywhere else. Walking along the northern Neckar banks at night would not be advised, except in groups, particularly by the Studentenwohnheime (dorms). The shrubs are thick and it is very dark. Taxi rides are cheap (compared to big city standards), use as needed. There are also "Frauentickets" available for women, you can buy these coupons for 8€ and they will cover the fare for anywhere in the city.
Don't walk on bicycle lanes (they are often painted in red, but always separated from the pedestrian lanes by a white line): Heidelberg has more cyclists than motorists, and many of them have a rather cavalier way of riding. The southern parallel street to Hauptstrasse (called Plöck) is the main traffic channel for student cyclists between Bismarkplatz and University Square. During the day it can be such a buzz, it's already a sight worth visiting. But watch out: Many cyclists feel safe from the tourists there and lose all their good manners.
Bertha Benz Memorial Route - Follow the tracks of the world's first automobile journey (Mannheim - Pforzheim - Mannheim) back in 1888 , leading right through Heidelberg
Weinheim - A small city between Darmstadt and Heidelberg
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