Åland (Finnish: Ahvenanmaa) is an autonomous area in the Baltic Sea, consisting of one main island and a surrounding archipelago. While legally a part of Finland, in practice the islands run their own affairs and are rather different from the mainland.
Åland is divided into 15 municipalities and one city Mariehamn.
Porridge to be used in pancake:
500 ml milk
75 ml gruel rice OR wheat semoline (cream of wheat)
1/2 ts salt
700 ml milk
50 ml sugar
350 ml wheat flour
10 ml cardamom powder
10 ml vanilla sugar
100 ml melted butter
Make the porridge using using the instructions of package. Let it cool a bit.
Add other ingredients to the porridge and mix it to a stable pancake dough.
Pour the dough in a well oiled pan and bake in 225°C oven about 30 minutes until the pancake is smoothly brown.
Serve with plum jelly (or raspberry jelly) and whipped cream
Smoked flunder with potato salad.
Svartbröd, Blackbread, as the name implies the bread is almost black. It is round and quite flat but its most characteristic feature is the taste. The blackbread is sweet. The sweetness originates from the syrup that is added to the dough and from the manner in which the bread is baked in the oven.
Cheese from the local ÅCA dairy is of high quality. The Kastelholm cheese is particularly recommended, and works well with blackbread. Its roots can be traced back to the 16th century.
Åland’s pancake. Traditional and delicious Ålands dessert. The pancake is made on grain of rice or semolina and served with stewed plums and whipped cream.
Stallhagen beer made by Ålands Bryggeri AB and available in most bars and restaurants in the islands. It's a traditional, light lager and there's no doubt where it comes from: the flag of Åland is on the label.
Tjudö Vineyard has three own home-distillers. They distils Scandinavian Vodka from the fruits at the vineyard. The apple vodka is called Ålvados, which is a kind of Calvados. They also make wine - Västergårds Äppelvin - with apples that has ripened on the farm's own trees. You can visit the vineyard, walk around among the fruit trees and see how the wine is produced. The guided tour ends in the old threshing house and here you can sample the drinks directly from the wine cellar.
The official currency is the euro (€). Swedish Krona (SEK) is usually accepted in most shops and restaurants during the peak season.
Please note: Shopping in Åland is very expensive. Due to import of most goods, with sometimes unsurmountable difficulties in filling the stores with enough supplies, prices in most stores are in the EU highs, mostly 10-50 percent higher than in the Stockholm or Helsinki metropolitan areas. Prices on some groceries can be even higher, with oatmeal and gruel costing more than double the price compared to Sweden.
Åland has its own parliament, its own executive government and is generally autonomous from Finland. The cultural heritage though is mostly Swedish.
Although most learn basic finnish in grade school, their language skills in finnish generally stays on the level of basic understanding. Don't expect them to speak it. For cultural and ethnic reasons, they won't unless their life depends on it.
Speaking Swedish and being a part of Finland, the people of Åland regard themselves as a separate and independent nation, and appreciate if you refer to them as one.
The Åland Islands (pronounced "Oh-lahnd") are a group of small islands officially belonging to Finland but awarded a wide degree of autonomy by a League of Nations decision in 1921 that settled a long-running dispute between Sweden and Finland. Still at the time when Åland was under Russian sovereignty, a treaty was concluded between Russia, France and the United Kingdom at the issue of the Crimean War, by virtue of which the islands were demilitarized. Finland assumed the same obligation upon achieving independence. Among other things, Ålanders have their own parliament, publish their own stamps, are exempt from military service and maintain a special tax status in the European Union.
The archipelago consists of around 80 inhabited islands plus around 6000 uninhabited islands, islets and rocks. The total population is only 26,530 (2004), 90% of which lives on the main island Åland (also known as Fasta (Mainland) Åland), which includes the capital Mariehamn.
The islands are monolingually Swedish, a point of some contention in otherwise bilingual (or, in practice, frequently Finnish monolingual) Finland. English is widely spoken and generally spoken better than Finnish.
Finns from outside Åland who want to establish resident's rights have to reside for a minimum period and besides exhibit proficiency in Swedish. Moreover, if the Finnish Parliament passes legislation relevant to Åland, it must inform the Åland Assembly in Swedish.
There are plenty of ferry connections between Åland and mainland Sweden and Finland. Primarily for tax reasons, ferries plying between Helsinki and Stockholm all stop off at Mariehamn or the nearby (30km east, approximately) jetty of Långnäs, making this the easiest and cheapest way to get in (although docking often happens at inconvenient times in the middle of the night - the Långnäs stops). Mariehamn also has a small airport that serves flights to mainland Finland and Sweden.
From Grisslehamn (Sweden) to Eckerö (Åland) by Eckerölinjen . It takes only two hours to travel between Eckerö and Grisslehamn. There are always buses providing transportation to all ferry depatures, both from Mariehamn and from Stockholm, as well as two buses per day from Uppsala.
From Kapellskär (Sweden) to Mariehamn (Åland) by Viking Line . It takes two and a half hour to travel between Kapellskär and Mariehamn. There are always buses providing transportation to all ferry depatures from Stockholm.
From Turku to Mariehamn or Långnäs by Viking Line and Silja Line
From Helsinki to Mariehamn by Viking Line and Silja Line
Ålandstrafiken ferries are free to pedestrians and to motorists between the smaller islands. For pedestrians bus lines 4 and 5 from Mariehamn go respectively to Hummelvik and Långnäs, each of which is a terminal for a route to the Finnish mainland.
A combination of ferry between the islands and a bicycle on the islands themselves is the most popular option.
Kastelholm. A castle located in the northern part is worth paying a visit. Partly a ruin today, it was founded in the 1380's and home to many Swedish kings who reigned the combined kingdom of Sweden and Finland from this place. There are guided tours, also in English.
Jan Karlsgarden Open Air Museum - very close to Kastelholm castle, it has a number of traditional Aland buildings moved from other areas. Entry was free in 2008, although a fee was charged to visit the prison museum on the same site. Also has a tourist information center and a good restaurant and cafeteria.
The fortress of Bomarsund was built by the Russians during the years 1830-1854. The establishment was thoroughly ruined during the Crimean War when attacked by the allied English-Frenchmen. On the other side of the channel, next to the bridge of Prästö, is a small museum where pictures and objects from Bomarsund are on display.
Postvägen The Mail Road dates back to Queen Kristina´s days in the 17th century, when the Swedish postal service of that time was organized. Today the Mail Road looks different but it is still very much alive.
The photos displayed on this page are the property of one of the following authors:
This travel guide also includes text from Wikitravel articles, all available at View full credits
Wikitravel is a project to create a free, complete, up-to-date, and reliable worldwide travel guide. So far we have 22,718 destination guides and other articles written and edited by Wikitravellers from around the globe. Check out the Help page to see how you can edit any page right now, or the Project page for more information about Wikitravel and getting involved. Africa Asia Oceania Europe Middle East North America South America Central America & Caribbean Other destinations Travel topics & PhrasebooksDestination of the monthCopenhagen is the capital of Denmark, and Christmas in this candle-happy city is a good time to go gift shopping in the pretty historic center. It's also host of the UN conference on climate change this month. (more...)Off the beaten pathMae Salong is a village in Chiang Rai, northern Thailand. Settled by Kuomintang warlords fleeing Communist China, Mae Salong's hills were once a key link in the opium-producing Golden Triangle, but today the main industries are oolong tea and tourism. (more...)Discover Despite being a tropical island, shirtless men may be arrested in Tonga if caught outside of the beaches. Mitsukoshi, Japan's 325-year-old retailer, has only one North American location—and it's inside the Epcot theme park at Walt Disney World. With a length of 800 meters, Hilversum has the largest wildlife crossing of the world.Travel alertsAl Qaeda Kidnaps Four in Mauritania, Mali (29 November 2009)Russian Train Explosion Leaves 22+ Dead (27 November 2009)Overcrowded Ferry Capsizes in Bangladesh (27 November 2009)Riots Prevent Entrance to Kathmandu (10 Nov 2009)Current and upcoming eventsReservations to See Shroud of Turin Begin (December 2009)World's largest cruise ship embarks on maiden voyage (5 Dec 2009)Medellín dedicates Christmas 2009 to waters (1 Dec 2009)Walt Disney World's Space Mountain re-launches (21 Nov 2009)Largest Disney Cruise Ship Accepting Reservations Two Years Early (9 Nov 2009)Featured ArticlesNew "Star" ArticlesHilversumWashington, D.C./National MallWalt Disney World/EpcotWalt Disney World/Hollywood StudiosHiroshimaBig Bend National ParkWe're collaborating to improve LondonBooks from Wikitravel PressWashington D.C., Hiroshima, San Francisco, moreMore on Wikitravel Extrablogs, forum, photosOther languagesMore than 1000 articles: Deutsch,Español,Français,Italiano,日本語,Nederlands,Português,Suomi,SvenskaBubbling under: العربيةCatalà,Esperanto, עברית,हिन्दी,Magyar, 한국어,Polski,Română,Русский,中文— Start a new version!
This travel guide also includes text from Wikipedia articles, all available at View full credits